INVEST
ESPORTS GLOSSARY

 

Term Definition
What is an Analyst? An expert that has a deep knowledge of a specific esports title, the teams involved and current strategies. An analyst tends to feature on a panel (see definition).
What is Battle Royale? Battle Royales are traditionally shooting games consisting of 100 players competing to be the last one standing.
What is a Buff? The in-game reconfiguration of a character, item or ability in order to make it more powerful.
What is a Caster / Shoutcaster? A commentator for a live event.
What is a Casual Game? Casual games are typically based on very simple rules and mechanics and the ones which don’t require much commitment from the players.
What is a Circuit? When referring to esports, a circuit is used as a word to discuss all the events in a calendar year. For example, the Dota 2 circuit includes all Majors, Minors, charity events and The International.
What is Co-op? Co-op in video games are when two or more people are able to play the same game on the same system with each other just as long as you have an extra controller. Co-op is also possible through multiplayer gaming through online compatibility depending on the game or possibly even system link as long as the group of people have the same game.
What is a Console? Refers to hardware that is used to primarily play video games (rather than a personal computer). The most popular current generation consoles include Xbox One and Playstation 4.
What is DLC? DLC refers to downloadable content, this includes additional expansions, levels, items, quests and rewards. As these are add-ons to an existing game they will often come with an additional cost.
What is Esports? Esports stands for electronic sports. The word 'esport' is used to describe any video game that has a professional competitive scene. The most popular esports are League of Legends, Overwatch and Counter-Strike: Global Offensive.
What is F2P? F2P stands for 'free-to-play'. Instead of making money on upfront purchases, game publishers (see definition) offer entire games for free with optional in-game purchases as enhancements to the playing experience.
What is FGC (Fighting Game Community)? Fighting Game Community (FGC) is an umbrella term to cover everyone interesting in any of the fighting game titles. Popular games include Tekken and Streetfighter.
What is a Fighting Game? Fighting Games are traditionally 1v1 violent, combat-based games. Similar to a boxing match, players control a fighter and try to knock each other out using various combinations and special moves. Popular franchises include Streetfighter and Tekken.
What is FPS (First Person Shooter)? First Person Shooters (FPS) are combat-based games played from the first-person perspective of the character you are controlling. Popular FPS titles include Call of Duty, Counter-Strike: Global Offensive and Overwatch.
What is Freemium? A freemium game is free to play but requires payment to unlock addition levels and maps.
What are Game Developers? The party that builds and designs games.
What are Game Publishers? The party that is responsible for marketing and selling games.
What does GG mean? GG stands for 'good game.' It is typically used at a game's conclusion to acknowledge that a game was well contested from both teams.
What is In-game monetization? This is the process of increasing revenue in a game title after the initial purchase. This can be done through a range of methods such as loot boxes, sales of skins and battle passes.
What is a Jersey? The official uniform (t-shirt) that an esports team wears at an esports event; typically contains sponsors and organization (see definition) logos.
What is LAN? LAN, an acronym for Local Area Network, is a common host for major esports tournaments.
What is Meta in Esports? A common word used across various esports, referring to the most dominant strategies, card combinations, champions/heroes and builds in online multiplayer games. The 'meta' changes when game developers provide in-game updates and patches.
What are Microtransactions? Microtransactions refer to small in-game purchases that either enhance the gameplay or cosmetics of a game title.
What is a MMO or MMORPG (Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Game)? An evolution of the classic RPG. In this style of game, players immerse themselves in the role of a character. The difference between an MMORPG and an RPG is the interactive online component, whereby players share a persistent virtual world with a large number of other players. This game genre tends to include both co-operative questing and a PvP element. Popular titles include World of Warcraft and Guildwars.
What is a MOBA (Multiplayer Online Battle Arena)? MOBAs are singular map action games, usually consisting of a 5v5, 3v3 or 2v2. They are fast paced and team oriented; each player on a team plays a specific role. The primary objective of a MOBA is to destroy the enemy base before the enemies destroy yours. Popular MOBA titles include League of Legends, Dota 2 and Smite.
What is a Nerf? The in-game reconfiguration of a character, item or ability in order to make it less powerful.
What are Non-endemic brands? Brands that are not traditional to esports space. For example, Acer is an endemic brand, McDonalds is non-endemic.
What is an OCCG (Online Collectible Card Game)? Online Collectible Card Games (OCCG) are much like traditional collectible card games. Players collect, trade, and battle using a vast range of strategies and card combinations. Popular titles include Hearthstone and Magic Online.
What is an Online Tournament? These esports tournaments are 100% conducted online and not in a physical venue.
What is OP in Gaming? Op or overpowered is a word to describe a character, item or ability that is considered unbalanced and too powerful
What is an Organization? An umbrella company that houses teams (see definition) over multiple game titles.
What is a Panel in Esports? A group of experts that discuss all aspects of an esports match.
What is a Patch? Patches are a set of changes made by the game publishers to improve, balance or fix gameplay in a particular title after its release.
What is a Pro in Esports? A pro refers to a professional esports player.
What is PvP? PvP stands for 'player versus player'. PvP refers to a game that has an element of competing against other players online.
What is a Region? Esports competitions/leagues tend to group countries based on geographical locations (North America, South America and Eastern Europe etc.).
What is a Roster in Esports? In esports terminology, "roster" is the players' line-up an organization is fielding for an event or season.
What is a RPG (Role-Playing Game)? A single-player game in which players immerse themselves in the role of a single character. These are typically adventure-style games which include an element of character progression. Popular franchises include Fallout, The Witcher and Skyrim.
What is RTS (Real-Time Strategy)? In Real-Time Strategy (RTS) games, players control entire armies rather than singular characters. RTS games are typically played from a bird's-eye view, allowing the player to have complete oversight of the terrain, buildings and units they control. Most RTS games are war-based, such as StarCraft II and Warcraft 3.
What are Skins? Skins are an in-game cosmetic item used to change the appearance of the character you are playing.
What is a Split in Esports? The term 'split' within a competitive season is used to refer to a specific part of the season. A competitive season is usually divided in splits, each with their own regular season and playoffs.
What is a Streamer? A streamer plays games and shares their screen online so others can view them playing. Popular streaming platforms in the United States include Twitch, Facebook and Youtube.
What is a Team? A team refers to the group of professional players that compete together in an esports title.
What is Twitch? The most popular streaming platform for gamers. Content includes both amateur streamers (see definition) and professional esports events.